Problem 403
Lattice points enclosed by parabola and line

For integers a and b, we define D(a, b) as the domain enclosed by the parabola y = x2 and the line y = a·x + b:
D(a, b) = { (x, y) | x2≤y ≤a·x + b }.

L(a, b) is defined as the number of lattice points contained in D(a, b).
For example, L(1, 2) = 8 and L(2, -1) = 1.

We also define S(N) as the sum of L(a, b) for all the pairs (a, b) such that the area of D(a, b) is a rational number and |a|,|b| ≤N.
We can verify that S(5) = 344 and S(100) = 26709528.

Find S(1012). Give your answer mod 108.

These problems are part of Project Euler and are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 UK