Problem 332
Spherical triangles

A spherical triangle is a figure formed on the surface of a sphere by three great circular arcs intersecting pairwise in three vertices.

Let C(r) be the sphere with the centre (0,0,0) and radius r.
Let Z(r) be the set of points on the surface of C(r) with integer coordinates.
Let T(r) be the set of spherical triangles with vertices in Z(r). Degenerate spherical triangles, formed by three points on the same great arc, are not included in T(r).
Let A(r) be the area of the smallest spherical triangle in T(r).

For example A(14) is 3.294040 rounded to six decimal places.

Find A(r). Give your answer rounded to six decimal places.

These problems are part of Project Euler and are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 UK