Problem 243
Resilience

A positive fraction whose numerator is less than its denominator is called a proper fraction.
For any denominator, d, there will be d−1 proper fractions; for example, with d = 12:
1/12 , 2/12 , 3/12 , 4/12 , 5/12 , 6/12 , 7/12 , 8/12 , 9/12 , 10/12 , 11/12 .

We shall call a fraction that cannot be cancelled down a resilient fraction.
Furthermore we shall define the resilience of a denominator, R(d), to be the ratio of its proper fractions that are resilient; for example, R(12) = 4/11 .
In fact, d = 12 is the smallest denominator having a resilience R(d) 4/10 .

Find the smallest denominator d, having a resilience R(d) 15499/94744 .

These problems are part of Project Euler and are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 UK

http://projecteuler.net/problem=243