Problem 140
Modified Fibonacci golden nuggets

Consider the infinite polynomial series AG(x) = xG1 + x2G2 + x3G3 + ..., where Gk is the kth term of the second order recurrence relation Gk = Gk−1 + Gk−2, G1 = 1 and G2 = 4; that is, 1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 23, ... .

For this problem we shall be concerned with values of x for which AG(x) is a positive integer.

The corresponding values of x for the first five natural numbers are shown below.

x AG(x)
(√5−1)/4 1
2/5 2
(√22−2)/6 3
(√137−5)/14 4
1/2 5

We shall call AG(x) a golden nugget if x is rational, because they become increasingly rarer; for example, the 20th golden nugget is 211345365.

Find the sum of the first thirty golden nuggets.

These problems are part of Project Euler and are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 UK

http://projecteuler.net/problem=140